What are the different types of headaches?
Headaches are a common ailment. Up to 80% of people experience headaches at some point in their lives. Some types of headache are more benign than others, but they can all be disruptive and debilitating when they strike.
The types of headaches that can occur include:
- Tension Headache,
- Migraine Headache,
- Cluster Headache,
- Sinus Headache and
- Post-traumatic headache (PTH).
A tension headache is the most common type, experienced by around 25% of people who have them on a regular basis with no obvious cause for it. They’re usually caused by stress or muscle fatigue from lack of sleep or overexertion which leads to pain along the neck and head area as well as sometimes tightness in the chest or jaw.Tension-type is typically described as a tightness or pressure in the head with no other associated symptoms such as nausea or sensitivity to light/sound.
Tension-type can also be referred to as stress headache because it often happens when people are under a lot of mental stress. Generally speaking, if you’re experiencing a headache for at least 15 out of 30 days in a month, then it is considered chronic.
Tension-type headaches are the most common types of headaches in people under the age of 45. Migraine is more likely to affect women than men, and it is believed that changes in hormones may trigger migraines. People with migraine will often have a family history or genetic predisposition for developing migraine headaches. Cluster types of headaches are generally more likely to affect men than women, and cause strong “one-sided” pain that comes on suddenly.
People suffering from tension-type headaches usually have a “regular” pattern of their headache e.g. their daily routine or lifestyle may trigger the onset or increased intensity of their headache, which feels better with over-the-counter pain medication. Tension-type are considered primary headaches and there is no underlying disease or condition of the nervous or circulatory systems.
A migraine is different from other types of headache because it tends to be preceded by warning signs such as nausea, vomiting and excessive sensitivity to light or noise. Migraine symptoms also vary depending on the individual person. Some people experience intense throbbing pain that usually only affects one side of the head, while others get pulsing waves of pain or blind spots in their vision.
Migraine is often described less specifically by sufferers who may say that they have “a really bad headache” which has been going on for hours, days, weeks, etc., and includes typical symptoms like nausea and sensitivity to light/sound. Some people describe these two different types of headaches differently because they have both tension-type and migraine headaches, or a combination of the two.
Migraine sufferers typically have a “pattern” to their headache, which often includes warning signs such as flashing lights, blind spots, etc., nausea/vomiting and sensitivity to light/sound. There are many triggers that can be attributed to triggering migraine headaches, including stress and hormonal changes (such as pre-menstrual). Migraine is considered a primary headache but it can also be triggered by certain medications which may cause rebound migraines. Migraine sufferers are also more likely to have a family history of migraine headaches, which means they may be more likely to pass it down genetically.
A cluster headache is often described as a sharp, burning pain around the eye and temple region. Generally lasting from 15 minutes to 3 hours, it’s marked by severe pain on one side of the head with associated symptoms such as watering eyes, runny nose and reddened eye. Some sufferers also experience nausea and vomiting. Cluster headaches are the most painful type of headache, and it’s estimated that about 1 in 10 people who have them commit suicide due to the pain they cause.
Cluster headaches are also more types of headache that refer to types of neurological disorders. When the pain is caused by a problem in the front part of the brain, sensory nerves or facial muscles, it’s known as a “cranial neuralgia” — but when it’s due to problems with blood vessels, it’s known as “vascular headaches” or “vascular disorders”. Types of vascular disorders include:
- Cluster Headache (also known as trigeminal neuralgia)
- Temporal arteritis (temporal arteritis or cranial arteritis )
- Cough headache
- Hemicrania continua and
- Ocular migraine.
Cough, or exertional headache is a rare type of vascular disorder which occurs when the blood vessels in the back of your head dilate during strenuous activities such as coughing, sneezing and vomiting. This causes pain in the back of the head and neck.
Temporal arteritis typically causes a headache that spreads across the forehead and temples instead of affecting one side of the head. It can also cause loss of vision, hearing and scalp tenderness.
Hemicrania continua sa is a type of headache that only affects one side of the head and typically lasts from 30 minutes to 3 days. It comes with other symptoms such as runny nose, tears and redness in the eye.
An ocular migraine is a rare type of headache which manifests as pain around an individual’s eyes without any other accompanying symptoms. Ocular migraine is a rare type of headache that only affects one eye, causing blurred vision on the same side where the headache occurs.
It’s usually painless and harmless, but it can be a sign of rare types of headache such as:
- Migraine with Aura (Classical migraine)
- Ophthalmoplegic migraine and
- Basilar artery migraine.
Migraine with aura is the most common type of ocular migraine, and it’s usually accompanied by other types of symptoms such as tingling, numbness or weakness on one side of the body. These types of symptoms are known as “auras” which generally precede the onset of pain. They tend to last between 5 minutes to an hour before resolving themselves without any treatment.
An ophthalmoplegic migraine is the least common type of migraine (which affects children) and it’s characterized by pain, blurred vision or drooping eyelid on one side of the face. It can be accompanied by other types of symptoms such as vomiting, trouble walking and fainting.
A basilar artery migraine is usually a rare type of headache that occurs when blood vessels in the brain are constricted or dilate too much, which can cause symptoms such as dizziness, vertigo and nausea. It’s also accompanied by types of symptoms such as fever, fatigue and neck stiffness.
All types of headache are caused by different types of problems or disorders with your head, neck or brain. If you experience any of these types of symptoms for more than two weeks at a time, you should consult a type of headache specialist to determine the types of headache you may have and the types of treatments that may be needed.
Sinus Headache is a type of headache caused by increased pressure in your sinuses. It’s usually seen in people who have an upper respiratory tract infection, nasal allergies or a cold.
People who have types of headache from sinus pressure usually describe types of headache that are throbbing, stabbing or pounding and can affect both types of sides at once. Types of types of pain may be worse when bending over or lying down and may be accompanied by types of symptoms such as redness around the eyes and nasal congestion.
Sinus headache types of headache are caused by sinus types of disorders which causes an increase in the pressure inside the sinuses. This, in turn, leads to types of types of pain and discomfort most prevalently in the face and around the eyes.
5.Post-traumatic headache (PTH):
Post-traumatic Headache is one type of headache that can occur after you’ve experienced some types of injury to the head. It’s most commonly seen in boxers and football players who take repeated blows to the head.
Post-traumatic headache (PTH) is a type of secondary headache that occurs due to head trauma or whiplash, usually within the first 7 days after an injury. The types of PTH are differentiated by how long they last: over 15 minutes for subacute types of headache and more than 24 hours for chronic types of headache.Studies show that types of headaches can be worsened by certain types of foods, caffeinated beverages, sleep deprivation, and stress.
So long as you treat the underlying cause whether it’s lack of sleep or stress, types of headaches should improve over time. If they don’t, it’s advisable to make an appointment with your GP.
Conclusion types of headaches are common types of conditions that can be debilitating if not treated. The most common types of headaches are tension types of headache and migraine types of headaches. There are also other types that involve neurological disorders such as cluster types of headache (trigeminal types of headache).
It can be difficult to identify the type of headache you have. Here are a few common types and their symptoms – tension headaches, cluster headaches, migraines, sinus pressure, or pain. All of these different types may require medical attention from your doctor as they’re more serious than just a regular headache. If it’s been a while since you saw your physician for an annual check-up then now is a perfect time! And if you need any help with business law matters such as transferring ownership or setting up new entities in another state.